Edges inked and hot-waxed
The edges are now the nice pale tan colour of vegetable-tanned leather. This is fine if that’s what you want – but looks odd on (for example) smart black dress shoes. So – the edges of sole and heel are stained appropriately and then hot wax is forced in to waterproof and to protect them.
Bottom scoured and wax polished
Time for a schoolboy’s giggle – bottom-scouring! Heeheehee! Although you will promptly walk on the nice new shiny soles of your shoes, it is a matter of pride with most good shoemakers to make them look nice at the outset. So they are first ground by a fine grinder.
Sole embossed with pattern and logo
Scouring is followed by sole polishing, the addition of a company logo and possibly nice patterns made by little wheels as shown on the right. Some of this will survive your tramping about, but this is, for the most part, just fastidious attention to detail and pride on the part of the shoemaker!