Flatbed and post machine used to get shape
This is where the shoe becomes a rather floppy and silly-looking 3D shape. The various parts of the upper are sewn together, or “closed” to make a sole-less shoe with no strength or rigidity. Flat-bed sewing machines are used for some of the work and “post” machines are used where the sewing process creates a curved shape (e.g. where the vamp meets the quarters in the shoe shown here). There is an even tighter curve where the heel is formed. At this stage, a “toe puff” (a pre-moulded section of vegetable-tanned leather) may also be inserted into the toecap to strengthen it.