Some shoes are “antiqued” or “burnished”.. This requires considerable artistry from the burnisher. Antique stains are applied and then rubbed off selectively, to give a patina to the shoe. The burnisher must aim for consistent results in a particular model of shoe, while still creating a natural effect. Shoes come in pairs and it is important that the artificial patina on each shoe in a pair is aesthetically pleasing when see with its other half. On top of all of this, leather is a natural material and absorbs stain in slightly unpredictable ways. So – the burnisher is an artist who has a significant influence on the final look of the shoe.